Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Today surgical education and training do not offer a realistic scenario to the medical students. Practical skills are mostly acquired by operating cadavers which offer material properties and physical behaviour different from living humans. Simulation systems can be used in this area to improve medical education and to offer a more authentic scenario to the future surgeons. Besides the field of training and education, surgical simulators can also be used for pre-operative planning. A big need for simulation can be determined for surgery in complex regions of the human body, such as the cranio-facial or the cardiac area. It is very important that no vital structures of the body are damaged during surgery which can be achieved by the use of an appropriate simulation system. The main focus of this paper is the description of our approach for a risk reducing surgery simulation concept for use in pre-operative planning and medical training. We will introduce the existing system for simulation of surgical tasks in the cranio-facial and cardiac area. This system is based on volumetric models which can be manipulated using the Finite-Element-Method. Furthermore we will show how this system is modified and extended to suffice the requirements of risk reducing surgery. The determination and modelling of the risk regions will be explained and the system reaction will be illustrated. Finally we present some results of the existing simulation system and first outcome of our approach risk reducing surgery.
Tobias Salb, Tim Weyrich, Rüdiger Dillmann.
International Training and Simulation Conference (ITEC), April 1999, The Hague, The Netherlands.Tobias Salb, Tim Weyrich, and Rüdiger Dillmann. Preoperative planning and training simulation for risk reducing surgery. In International Training and Simulation Conference (ITEC), The Hague, The Netherlands, April 1999.Salb, T., Weyrich, T., and Dillmann, R.1999. Preoperative planning and training simulation for risk reducing surgery. In International Training and Simulation Conference (ITEC).T. Salb, T. Weyrich, and R. Dillmann, “Preoperative planning and training simulation for risk reducing surgery,” in International Training and Simulation Conference (ITEC), The Hague, The Netherlands, Apr. 1999.
This work has been supported by the German Research Foundation by the SFB 414 "Informationstechnik in der Medizin — Rechner- und sensorgestützte Chirurgie", Project Q5. It has been performed at the Institute for Process Control & Robotics, Prof. Dr.-Ing H. Wörn , Prof. Dr.-Ing. R. Dillmann and Prof. Dr.-Ing. U. Rembold, Department of Computer Science, University of Karlsruhe. For support in medical questions and supply with radiographic images we want to thank our medical partners at the University of Heidelberg, Medical Depart-ment, Heidelberg, Germany, especially Prof. Dr. Dr. J. Mühling, Clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, PD Dr. Ch. Vahl, Clinic for Heart Surgery and Dr. M. Walz, Clinic for Radiology.