1 Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain
2 University of Barcelona
3 Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa Italy
4 University College London
5 Institució Catalana Recerca i Estudis Avançats
Although telerehabilitation systems represent one of the most technologically appealing clinical solutions for the immediate future, they still present limitations that prevent their standardization. Here we propose an integrated approach that includes three key and novel factors: (a) fully immersive virtual environments, including virtual body representation and ownership; (b) multimodal interaction with remote people and virtual objects including haptic interaction; and (c) a physical representation of the patient at the hospital through embodiment agents (e.g., as a physical robot). The importance of secure and rapid communication between the nodes is also stressed and an example implemented solution is described. Finally, we discuss the proposed approach with reference to the existing literature and systems.
Daniel Perez-Marcos, Massimiliano Solazzi, William Steptoe, Oyewole Oyekoya, Antonio Frisoli, Tim Weyrich, Anthony Steed, Franco Tecchia, Mel Slater, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives.
Frontiers in Neurology, Vol. 3, No. 110, pp. 1–9, 2012.Daniel Perez-Marcos, Massimiliano Solazzi, Will Steptoe, Oyewole Oyekoya, Antonio Frisoli, Tim Weyrich, Anthony Steed, Franco Tecchia, Mel Slater, and Maria V. Sanchez-Vives. A fully immersive set-up for remote interaction and neurorehabilitation based on virtual body ownership. Frontiers in Neurology, 3(110):1–9, 2012.Perez-Marcos, D., Solazzi, M., Steptoe, W., Oyekoya, O., Frisoli, A., Weyrich, T., Steed, A., Tecchia, F., Slater, M., and Sanchez-Vives, M. V. 2012. A fully immersive set-up for remote interaction and neurorehabilitation based on virtual body ownership. Frontiers in Neurology 3, 110, 1–9.D. Perez-Marcos, M. Solazzi, W. Steptoe, O. Oyekoya, A. Frisoli, T. Weyrich, A. Steed, F. Tecchia, M. Slater, and M. V. Sanchez-Vives, “A fully immersive set-up for remote interaction and neurorehabilitation based on virtual body ownership,” Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 3, no. 110, pp. 1–9, 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/Abstract.aspx?s=1100&name= teleneurology&ART_DOI=10.3389/fneur.2012.00110
This research was supported by FP7 EU collaborative project BEAMING (248620). The authors thank Arturo Fuentes for the edition of the Video S1 in Supplementary Material.